Irregular Past Tense Verbs

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Regular past tense verbs are easy to remember – you usually just add an “ed.” But with irregular past tense verbs you need to change the spelling even more. Here’s a list of some very common ones that you might find useful:

BASE FORM        PAST TENSE

be                           was/were

begin                     began

break                    broke

bring                      brought

build                      built

buy                        bought

choose                 chose

come                     came

do                           did

drink                      drank

drive                      drove

eat                         ate

fall                          fell

feel                        felt

forget                   forgot

get                         got

give                        gave

go                           went

have                      had

hear                       heard

keep                      kept

know                     knew

leave                     left

lose                        lost

make                     made

meet                     met

pay                         paid

put                         put

read                       read (pronounced “red”)

ride                        rode

run                         ran

say                         said

see                         saw

sell                         sold

send                      sent

sit                           sit

sleep                     slept

speak                    spoke

spend                   spent

stand                     stood

take                       took

teach                     taught

tell                          told

think                      thought

understand        understood

wear                      wore

write                     wrote

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PRONUNCIATION: PAST TENSE

One of the most difficult parts of English is pronunciation. Today we’re going to look at the pronunciation of past tense regular verbs – verbs that end in “ed.” For example: walked, laughed, visited, cleaned.
 
There are three different ways to pronounce “ed” at the end of a word: like a “t,” like a “d,” or like “id.” It all depends on the ending of the verb.
 
With verbs that end in p, k, s (or a c which sounds like “ssss”), ch, sh, ph, f, x, or h, “ed” is pronounced as a “t” sound.
Examples: cooked = cook(t), danced = danc(t), helped = help(t)
 
With verbs that end in l, v, n, m, r, b, v, g, w, y, and z, “ed” is pronounced as a “d” sound.
Examples: arrived = arriv(d), called = call(d), opened = open(d)
 
With verbs that end in a t or d, “ed” is pronounced like “id.”
Examples: rented = rent(id), visited = visit(id), started = start(id)
 
Now watch the video below for more information, then take the quiz:

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