Possessive Apostrophe

The general rule for forming possessives

The general rule is that the possessive of a singular noun is formed by adding an apostrophe and s, whether the singular noun ends in s or not.

Ex) a week’s vacation

Texas’s oil industry

The possessive of a plural noun is formed by adding only an apostrophe when the noun ends in s, and by adding both an apostrophe and s when it ends in a letter other than s.

Ex) the twins’ parents

the alumni’s fundraising

from The Punctuation Guide

Test your knowledge of the possessive apostrophe with a quiz below!

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Grammar Lesson on Reported Speech

Reported Speech

Today’s lesson is on Reported Speech

Have you ever needed to tell a friend or coworker about something that someone said to you or someone else?

This is how to do it. 

We also use reported speech to talk about things said in a movie, book, and other texts. 


Reported speech is formed by removing any directly spoken words (in quotation marks) and stating the message as news.

Change verbs in the simple present to the simple past.


“Can you pass the salt?” she asked him.

Reported speech: She asked him to pass the salt.

If the sentence contains “don’t” then re-write it with “not” and add “to.”

“Don’t arrive late,” the teacher told the students.

Reported speech: The teacher told the students not to arrive late.

Welcome to your Reported Speech Quiz.
Change each sentence to reported speech.

"The class is on Fridays," I told him.
"Don't go home," she said.
"What's your name?" he asked me.


Change each sentence to reported speech.

1. “The class is on Fridays,” I told him.

2. “Don’t go home,” she said.

3. “What’s your name?” he asked me.

Try our quiz below.

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U.S. Currency Workshop

Have you ever felt nervous when you had to pay for things in cash while travelling in a foreign country or when you first arrived in the USA because you were not familiar with the currency there, or have you ever wondered about the people, animals, or things on bills and coins? To learn about the U.S. currency, Our 1B, 1C, 2A, and 2P students participated in the workshops presented by the Chinese Progressive Association.

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Idiom of the Week: Hang in there

It’s been a while since we have had an idiom of the week. Here is a common used phrase.

Meaning: to just wait a little longer while in a difficult situation because relief is coming soon.

Example 1: Hang in there! I’m almost there to help.

Example 2: I had one week left of school while working full time and my mom told me to, “Hang in there.”

Example 3: If you can be strong and hang in there just a little longer, things will get easier.

In which situation/s would someone most likely tell you to, "Hang in there?" (more than one answer is possible)


In which situation/s would someone most likely tell you to, “Hang in there?” (more than one answer is possible)

a. You’re having fun at a party.

b. You’re on a long car ride and can’t stop, but you have to use the bathroom.

c. Your soccer team is winning, but the other team is quickly catching up with only 2 minutes left to play.

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