Much / Many / A Lot Of

Time for more grammar. This time we’re going to look at the words much, many, and a lot of.

The key to knowing when to use these words is remembering your count and non-count nouns. To review count and noun-count nouns, click here.

Basically, you use “many” with plural count nouns. For example: many people, many apples, many problems, many friends. You can use “many” in statements and questions, affirmative or negative.

“Much,” on the other hand, is used with non-count nouns. For example: much money, much homework, much coffee, much trouble. But we only use “much” in questions and negative statements. For example: “I don’t have much money. How much money do you have?” We do not say “I have much money.”

In this case, we say “I have a lot of money.” “A lot of” can be used with count or non-count nouns – it doesn’t matter! It can also be used in questions and statements, negative or affirmative. But if we begin the question with “how,” then we have to use either “much” or “many.” We can’t say “How a lot of money do you have?’

Watch this video for some extra practice, then take the quiz to test your knowledge:

What’s the Weather Like Today?

Here’s a video from Real English about the weather. In this video, you will hear some of the following words (the equal sign means they have similar meanings):

cloudy = overcast = dull = gray

sunny = bright = clear

rainy = raining = damp = drizzly

windy = breezy = brisk

cool = crisp

cold = chilly = freezing

warm = mild

wonderful = beautiful = pleasant = nice

Now watch the video. The first time just watch and listen, the second time you can read, too:

What’s the weather like today? Leave a reply!

Count and Non-Count Nouns

Ready for some more grammar? Good.

This time we’re going to look at count and non-count nouns. Remember that nouns are people, places, or things.

Count nouns can be counted, which means you can also make them plural. Remember that plural means more than one. For example, the word “teacher.” Can you count teachers? Of course – one teacher, two teachers, three teachers, four teachers. The noun “teacher,” then, is a count noun.

Non-count nouns can’t be counted, and they’re almost always singular. Remember that singular means one. For example, the word “air.” Can you count air? Of course not – we never say one air, two airs, three airs, etc. So “air” is a non-count noun.

To learn more, watch the following two videos, then take the quiz to test your knowledge: